European Blockchain Partnership is in the final phase of development of the concept of European Blockchain Services infrastructure.
Blockchain services infrastructure will be an efficient supporting tool for implementation of services and actions, in order to facilitate the achievement of social value proposition of blockchain technology, which is composed by at least five principles:
(1) self- sovereignity (digital identity, enabled through authentication and authorization and data ownership and its availability under personal discretion),
(2) traceability (of data, materials, products, services, assets),
(3) immutability (which enhances safety and security and reduces the risk of fraud and irregularities, which create the risk of loss),
(4) no-intermediaries (P2P or peer to peer communication, which reduces the costs of intermediaries and enhance the access to businesses, communities and society,
(5) democracy and trustworthiness (based on immutability and traceability, equal participation and consensual decision making).
With those principles blockchain technology can contribute to the facilitation of achievement of all Sustainable Development Goals, while strengthening governance and evidence based decision making process. UN/CEFACT (april 2019) adopted the document Blockchain in Trade Facilitation: Sectoral challenges and Examples (UN/CEFACT, ECE/TRADE/C/CEFACT/2019/INF.3: Blockchain in Trade Facilitation: Sectoral challenges and Examples, http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/cefact/cf_plenary/2019_plenary/CEFACT_2019_INF03.pdf).
Blockchain services infrastructure will be crossborder interoperabile facilitating tool for businesses, societies, communities and individuals, at the first stage European Blockchain Partnership is developing 3 use cases to be implemented on the infrastructure: (1) digital identitiy (Self sovereign Identity), (2) diplomas on blockchain (with proposed upgrade to digital skills and competences for mutual recognition between universities, for simplified access to employment, ensuring the safe and secure transfer of authentifiable data), (3) notarization and authentication (a use case developed for tracing the expenditures from EU budget for EU funded projects). Version 1 will be extended to Version 2 use cases, adding additional use cases (in the area of health, city blockchain infrastructures for sustainable cities and communities with the purpose to bring closer and empower the communities to use blockchain technology for socially and economically enclusive and participatory environment, etc.).
For this reason we need blockchain technology, which will be high speed (at least 200.000 transactions per second) and environmentally friendly (low energy consumption), which will enable the real time connectivity and collaboration of wide range of population efficiently. For this reason we will use Hashnet protocol. Standards shall be implemented to ensure the interoperability principle in the region covered by UNECE and wider.
The proposal follows the purpose to build user friendly blockchain infrastructure with high speed and scalable 4th generation blockchain technology, while implementing common standards under consensually agreed protocol.
The project proposal is compliant with UN/CEFACT Work programme 2019-2020 (Chapter III, point 11, paragraph b: An emphasis on supporting interoperability across the many existing, new and future technology platforms (in other words the ability of these systems to exchange data) by acting as a semantic hub that advances the development of technology neutral semantics, code lists, process and data reference models and best practices)